We've compiled information from our own experiences and offer them here as
    a 'guide'.  You may find that your particular orchid has not read this culture
    sheet and will want to march to the beat of a different drummer.  If you have
    questions about your specific plant, feel free to ask us.  Our email is

    Phalaenopsis (Phals.) are considered low light orchids, requiring only bright
    indirect light or dabbled sunlight to grow and bloom. Even these lower light
    orchids will benefit from some direct sunlight in the early morning or late
    evening when the sun is low in the sky.   This is especially true of the venosa-
    type hybrids with heavy, waxy, flowers.  Feel the leaves of your plants when
    they are in direct sunlight and make sure they are not overheating.  They
    should be cool to the touch.  

    Most Phals like to keep their roots moist but not wet. How often you water is
    dependent on how quickly the potting mix dries out.  Clay pots will dry out much
    faster than plastic or glazed ceramic pots. When you water, completely drench
    the roots and allow the pot to drain. NEVER LET YOUR PLANT SIT IN
    WATER!!!  Letting the plant set in water will rot the roots.  

    Fertilizers and Supplements:
    Water with clear water first, then water with a "well balanced", "all-purpose"
    fertilizer at 1/2 strength once a month.  A fertilizer is considered "All-Purpose"
    or "Well Balanced" when the three major components: Nitrogen, Phosphorous,
    and Potassium are close to being equal.  The three letters and numbers on the
    container of fertilizer indicate this. For example:  N-P-K / 20-20-20.  Or 5-7-6
    etc.  We have found no difference from one fertilizer to the next.  We use fish
    emulsion, Protect, CalMag etc. just to make ourselves feel good about our
    orchids.  We're not sure it does anything for the plants, but we have customers
    that swear by these products.

    Potting Mix:
    Small plants in 2 to 4-inch pots will do well for us in New Zealand Sphagnum
    Moss.  Larger plants are potted using a bark/coconut husk mix which might
    contain other items like sponge rock, charcoal, etc.  As your plant increases in
    size, so will the pot and so should the size of your potting mix.  Plants in 5-inch
    pots or larger should be potted in a mix of medium size components. Mix in
    some sphagnum moss fibers if it was previously grown in Moss.  This helps
    wean the plant off its old media and into the bark mix.  

    Most novice growers (and many experienced growers) hate to repot while their
    orchid is growing well, for fear of losing the plant.  Not to repot his is the first
    and biggest mistake you can make.  You must repot your orchid BEFORE the
    potting mix begins to break down.  When the potting mix rots, so do your orchid
    roots.  You will not know this until it's too late.  Therefore we recommend you
    repot your Phal. every 12 months. NEVER OVERPOT.   Use a pot that fits the
    size of the root mass - not the size of the plant.  If the plant appears too big for
    the pot, you can use a more open mix or simply drop the pot into a larger,
    more decorative container. Repot your newly purchased orchids after they
    have bloomed. This assures the plant is in a fresh mix that you are familiar
    with.  Most plants come to market Past the point of needing to be repotted.  
    Many vendors "pot up" these over-grown plant's by placing them in larger pots
    with the old mix still around the roots.  This stabilizes the plants without
    disturbing the roots and causing the flowers/buds to drop.  You need to get rid
    of that old mix before it breaks down and rots your roots.

    Most Phals grow best in temperatures that you are most comfortable with.  
    Therefore they make excellent houseplants.  Most will do well between 65F and
    80F.  Lower or higher temperatures may slow down the plant's growth.  If you
    have trouble blooming your plants try increasing the amount of light they
    receive or drop the night temperatures 20 degrees lower than day
    temperatures.  This is easily done in the spring and fall when outdoor
    temperatures naturally fluctuate.

    A few words of wisdom:

    1) Information provided here is a generalization and not specific to any species or hybrid.
    2) Conditions suited to one orchid may not be the best for another even though they are in
    the same family.
    3) What works for one person may not work for another, so try different ideas.
    4) All orchids benefit from good air movement.
    5) If it ain't broke, don't fix it.
    6) You're not a real orchid grower unless you've killed your fair share of orchids.
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